Science is a vibrant subject at Rutherford House School about which we are incredibly passionate. Children have lots of questions about the world around us and we aim to provide them with the necessary core scientific knowledge and investigative skills to answer their questions about those processes.


Our vision for Science at Rutherford House School

To nurture children’s natural curiosity about the world around them through a hands-on, investigative curriculum where children can ask the questions.

At present, our curriculum provides a rich variety of topics that cover all the core scientific disciplines and contexts that the children can relate to their everyday lives. Children are encouraged to pursue their own lines of enquiry to give them a sense of ownership within investigations. They explore questions using a variety of investigative skills, gradually becoming more familiar with each of the elements of the scientific method as they progress through the school. These include skills such as generating their own lines of enquiry, making predictions, analysing results, observing changes over time, collecting results in a variety of ways, drawing conclusions from their observations and evaluating their own method and the reliability of their results.

Underpinning this is an emphasis on children actively participating in their own practical investigations and experiments, utilizing the classroom, wider school environment and the local environment and community.


How is Science taught across Key Stages?

Early Years ( Reception)

The children at Rutherford House School follow the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum and with relation to science the focus is on ‘Knowledge and Understanding of the World’. Understanding of the world develops as children take notice of everything around them including places and all the things within them such as trees in the natural environment and roads and traffic in the built environment. Finding out about places begins initially when a child learns about their own home and the things nearby, then later as children notice things on journeys to and from home – such as the sequence of the traffic lights or names on street signs. This awareness is extended by visiting places and finding out about different elements of environments in books, on television and through using other technology. This aspect also focuses on learning about cause and effect and is developed through having conversations with adults and other children about the things they observe.  Opportunities are planned for the children to develop their knowledge and make links between their experiences.


KS1 and KS2

The children follow the National Curriculum (2014) covering the areas listed below whilst also focusing on the five areas of working scientifically: pattern seeking, observing over time, Identifying and classifying, fair testing and research. Within each academic year, children will study a range of scientific topics.

In both Key Stage 1 (KS1) and Key Stage 2 (KS2), children are taught Science as a freestanding subject, covering a specific topic each term. Each Science topic is primarily based around one of the three core disciplines (Biology, Physics and Chemistry), with children touching on all three every year. The table below shows the Science topics that are currently delivered across KS1 and KS2. 


Topic overview 


Cross-Curricular links within Science

Each key question that the children investigate is carefully planned to include a range of cross curricular links with core subjects. Children are taught how their mathematical calculation and statistical skills can be used to read, analyse and draw conclusions from their results. There are also regular opportunities for children to improve their literacy skills through reading, writing and spelling key vocabulary.

There are also numerous links made with other foundation subjects that are embedded across each Science topic. For example in PE lessons there are opportunities for children to both learn about the importance of and emulate a healthy lifestyle.


Science at Home

Science is a subject that relates to our understanding of the processes of the world around us. As such, it is one of the most relevant subjects that children can engage with at home. At Rutherford House School we actively encourage children to continue their investigations at home, and even try some new ones. Below are some websites you might find useful to help your child learn Science at home.

Primary Science

The Artful Parent

National Geographic Kids

Science activities and experiments

The Science Museum

 Digger and the Gang activities to support Year 3 to 6 for Literacy, Numeracy and Science.

DynaMo laboratory for science information at home.  

Look through amazing science facts for children up to 11 years.  

Videos, information and fun experiments to aid children’s' understanding.   

Science activities for KS1 ks1

 Ks2 activities

Free science activities and information

Science activities